Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world by geographical area (47% of the continent's territory) and by population (over 200 million people).
It is the only country in Latin America where Portuguese is main language and one of the most culturally and ethnically diverse nations in the world, due to extensive immigration from all corners of the world.
Deimited by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Brazil has a 7,000-kilometer coastline. It borders Venezuela, Guiana, Suriname and French Guiana to the north; Colombia to the northwest; Bolivia and Peru to the west; Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest; and Uruguay to the south.
The Brazilian economy is the largest in South America and the southern hemisphere, as well as the seventh largest in the world. The country is a founding member of the United Nations, G20, Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), Latin Union, Organization of American Countries (OAS), Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), Common Market of the South (Mercosur), Union of South American Nations (Unasur), as well as one of the BRICs.
Brazil is also home to diverse wildlife, ecosystems and vast natural resources, spread over a great variety of protected habitats.
Rio de Janeiro
The most well-known Brazilian city, Rio de Janeiro, is the gateway to international tourism in Brazil, as well as the main tourist destination both in Latin America and the southern hemisphere.
The city has a long tradition of hosting large scale events. Rio de Janeiro hosts two of the largest festivals in the world: its famous Carnival and the New Year's Eve party on Copacabana Beach, which gathers more than two million people every year.
The "Wonderful City" is well known for its hospitality and hotel infrastructure. There are more than 30,000 rooms prepared to lodge Brazilian and foreign tourists. Furthermore, by the end of 2015, 17,000 new hotel rooms will have been added to the total number.